Both construction waste and demolition waste are standard terms sometimes used in unison. These wastes emanate from the construction, demolition, or renovation of buildings. They can also be referred to as the waste materials resulting from rehabilitation, repair, alteration, or destruction of property.
In this case, property applies to industrial or commercial structures, houses, and roads. These materials can be of two types – functional and structural. While some of these materials can be recycled and reused, others can’t, and this necessitates the need to dispose of them through environmentally friendly waste management. Meanwhile, the following are considered wastes when it comes to construction and demolition:
- Masonry materials. These are items used in the erection of buildings. They include but are not limited to concrete, stones, and bricks. Most of these wastes can either be recycled or reused.
- Wall coverings. These are items used to provide shed to walls in the construction process. Some can be recycled and reused.
- Roofing materials. Leftover parts of roofing materials which include the roof can be reused in other parts. Whether arising from overestimation in construction or demolition, you can take advantage of and save on costs plus conserve the environment.
- Plumbing fixtures. Most, if not all of these items can be reused and recycled. These are some of the best parts to recycle as they are rarely damaged to great extents. They include sinks, pipes, water heaters, and toilets. However, be careful with toilets as you need to sterilize them before reusing fully.
- Heating items. These include ductwork and furnaces. Depending on how much they have been used, you can either recycle or get rid of them.
- Electrical equipment. Here you can consider the wires and any other parts that don’t have refrigerants and dangerous fluids.
- Carpeting. These come in different forms and can easily be recycled or reused.
- Glass. Can be from windows and doors.
The above materials encompass both demolition and construction wastes from a site and can be used again if need be. However, these wastes do not include items that have been removed or requested for ejection before demolition takes place e.g., asbestos and PCB (Regulated). Also not included are infectious, hazardous, or solid wastes. Besides those, materials emanating from mining and slag are equally missing on the list of demolition and construction wastes. Finally, all closed or filled containers, including bulk liquids, drums, batteries, and fuel tanks are also not included.